What breed of horse did the US cavalry use?

Near Pleasanton in Linn County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Cavalry Horses Marker image. Click for full size.

William Fischer, Jr. captured this image on October 18, 2014.

1. Cavalry Horses Marker

Inscription. What breed of horse did the US cavalry use?  
Both sides employed a variety of horses during the fight. To name a few, Morgans, American Saddlebreds, Thoroughbreds, Standardbreds, and Quarter Horses. The ideal horse was a four- or five-year-old mare or gelding with a shoulder height of 56 to 64 inches (14 to 16 hands).

The Union troops bought horses, while the Confederates brought their own from home. When a Confederate soldier’s horse became sick, wounded, or killed, he had 60 days to replace it at his own cost. He was pushed into the infantry if he could not replace the horse.

By October 1864, after three and a half years of war, horses with the ideal requirements were becoming scarce. Cavalrymen on both sides took whatever horse was available.

[Image of] McClellan saddle, which was frequently used by cavalrymen on both sides.

 Erected 2012 by Kansas State Historical Society.

Topics. This historical landmark is included in the following subject lists: Animals • Civil War, United States of America. A significant historical month for this entry is October 1864.

 Location. 38° 8.272′ N, 94° 43.557′ 

Cavalry Horses Marker image. Click for full size.

William Fischer, Jr. captured this image on October 18, 2014.

2. Cavalry Horses Marker

What breed of horse did the US cavalry use?

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Linn County’s W. Marker is located in Pleasanton, Kansas. Marker is along the mowed trail, about 0.6 miles SSW of the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield State Historic Site Visitor Center. Tap for a map. The marker is located at or near the following address: 20485 Kansas Highway 52, Pleasanton, Kansas 66075, United States of America. Tap to get instructions.

Additional markers in the area. This marker is within walking distance of at least 8 additional markers. Battle of Mine Creek (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Chaos at the Crossing (about 700 feet away); Cavalry (about 700 feet away); “Hurra for Kansas!” (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lieutenant Colonel Frederick W. Benteen Memorial Bridge (approx. 0.2 miles away); Nursing the Wounded (approx. 0.3 miles away); Conclusion of Price Campaign (approx. 0.3 miles away); Union Charge (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all Pleasanton markers.

  Also see . . .
1. Mine Creek Battle. Kansapedia website entry (Submitted by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania on October 20, 2014.)

2. Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield. Website entry for the Kansas Historical Society (Submitted by Larry Gertner of New York, New York on January 16, 2022.)

Credits. On January 16, 2022, this page was last updated. It was originally submitted on October 20, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 663 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania, submitted this on October 20, 2014.

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What breed of horse did the US cavalry use?

What breed of horse did the US cavalry use?


Feb. 27, 2023

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  • What horses did the Confederates use?

    Named for breeder Justin Morgan, a Morgan has strong legs and considerable endurance, as well as a calm disposition, making it ideal as a carriage horse or personal riding horse. These characteristics contributed to the Morgan’s widespread usage in both Union and Rebel cavalry throughout the Civil War.

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