What is the difference between a Cold Blood and a Hot Blood horse?
Horse temperaments may be roughly classified into three types in my experience.
Coldblood Horses are the draft breeds, in general. Percheron, Belgian, Clydesdale (right), Icelandic, and Shires are among the well-known breeds. They were picked for their placid temperaments and were created for slow and steady agricultural labor. They are quiet, slow, heavy-boned, heavy-bodied – usually “loaded” in the front end. They are gentle giants with feathery feet and sluggish demeanors.
Hotblood horses include Arabs and Thoroughbreds, who are more nervous, energetic, and have faster reaction time. The Arab horse’s background is that of a “watchdog” and war mount. They were raised to be wary of danger in the open desert. As a result, they are usually too sensitive to new situations. They were quick and had a long endurance as battle horses. They lived closely with humans and developed superior intelligence due to the close association. Its gait is often lighter on its feet, with an alert disposition.
Warmbloods are a hybrid between the two temperament types. They were produced for a gentle temperament but with a little more energy and more athleticism for use as carriage horses or for riding. Warmblood horses include the Dutch Warmblood, Hanoverian, Holsteiner, and Trakhener. They are especially well-liked as dressage, driving, and eventing horses. Not every coldblood/hotblood cross will result in a real warmblood. For hundreds of years, the breeds described have been bred true.
That leaves the Friesian as my favored breed. A Friesian, although having feathered feet, is neither a coldblood nor a hotblood. It is considered a Baroque breed. However, its temperament is more like a warmblood or coldblood, but certainly not a “draft” breed in the sense that it was mainly developed to pull a plow. They were initially designed as carriage horses with the ability to work in the field if required.
They are becoming much more popular in the dressage ring, as they can be very “sporty” and athletic in build with a wonderful warmblood temperament. The Kristull Ranch specializes in Friesian Crosses, mating purebred Friesian stallions with gorgeous mares of other breeds to produce the best sport horse.
Although we are growing older and producing fewer foals, each one is a unique gift. And the temperament of these horses suit my “older” body when it comes to training.
What role does categorization play in training?
Coldblood horses are deliberate and sluggish. They take a bit longer to calculate throughout the training phase. They move more slowly. Their training process is a little slower, but they are less likely to run over you or jump on top of you as quickly as a hotblood horse will. While their feet can be as big as platters, and they are more clumsy, their reaction time is slower so you can also compute more easily. They are the earth’s salt. If you can manage a horse of their size, they provide a fantastic first-training experience.
The more like a hotblood breed a horse is, the more experienced you should be as a trainer and rider. Timing is always important, but with a hotblood animal, time is EVERYTHING ALL THE TIME! Your signals must be really clear. Your response time must be quick. To give the horse confidence, you must take the lead in the relationship. You are rewarded, however, with a horse whose body responds fast to your instructions and who learns almost instantly.
It’s a two-edged sword. You may purchase a horse that performs well, is sharp, snappy, and vigilant. You might also obtain a horse that is a fruitcake as a result of your confusing messages and bad timing. Regrettably, many young individuals who buy their first horse are lured to the beauty of the Arab and make the rookie error of attempting to teach an Arab. I never propose an Arab or thoroughbred as a first horse to train. It’s much more difficult and risky for a rookie trainer.
That leaves us with the Warmblood. He’s more athletic than his coldblood ancestors. His feet are not “rooted into the earth” like those of his coldblood forefathers. While he may be as tall as a coldblood, his feet are smaller, his body slimmer, and his movement more graceful. He is the ideal combination of power, elegance, and intellect. He is the ideal responsive horse partner: neither overly reactive nor too sluggish. Athletic but not flier-like. Sturdy yet not rooted in place. He is astute enough to follow your lead while being relaxed enough to allow you to make a mistake. He forgives an error here and there, so I highly recommend a warmblood or Friesian cross (the right Friesian cross) as the ultimate sport horse.
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Is a Friesian a warm blood?
The Friesian breed has been preserved free of foreign blood for the last two centuries, making it a genetically separate member of the “warmblood” group of horse breeds.
Which horses are cold-blooded?
Draft breeds such as Percherons, Shires, Clydesdales, and Belgians are examples of cold-blooded horses. Large-boned and heavy-bodied, these horses were developed to use in draft and agricultural work, and were selected for a calm temperament.
Are Friesian horses hot?
Friesian falls into the warmblood category. The original Friesian was crossed with the Spanish Andalusian breed, which included Arabian bloodlines. The Arabian horse is a warm-blooded animal. Warmbloods are often calmer than hotbloods but not as listless as coldbloods.
Why are Friesian horses so special?
The Friesian is a warm-blooded breed that is eager to learn, clever, active, and gentle. They do not spook easily, and their desire to please makes them great for competition such as dressage: they are easy to train and suitable for a range of riders.